Young ones have a similar liberties as grownups over their individual information. These generally include the directly to:

Young ones have a similar liberties as grownups over their individual information. These generally include the directly to:

A kid may work out these legal rights to their own behalf for as long as these are typically competent to do this. In Scotland, someone aged 12 or higher is presumed become of adequate maturity and age in order to work out their information security liberties. In England and Wales and Northern Ireland, competence is evaluated based upon the known amount of knowledge of the little one.

Just because a young kid is just too young to comprehend the implications of the legal rights, they truly are nevertheless their liberties, instead of other people’s such as for example a parent or guardian (Suggestions Commissioners Office, 2018a).

GDPR and on the web information

The conditions of GDPR assist young ones to help keep on their own online that is safe giving them more control throughout the information they share.

GDPR offers young ones the ‘right to erasure’. This implies they could request online platforms to eliminate their individual data, including images, text or status updates.

If a kid has provided any product online which they no longer want one to see, they usually have a right in law to obtain this material eliminated, whether or not the information had been published by some other person.

Apps, internet web sites and games must inform you to users just exactly exactly how and exactly why they truly are utilizing information.

Under this legislation, young ones must certanly be at the least 13-years-old to give you permission for an information culture solution (ISS) to process their individual data. Parents must make provision for permission in the event that youngster is under 13 (Information Commissioner’s workplace, 2018b). An ISS can be an online solution that is normally commercial and supplied on demand, for instance social media marketing platforms, apps, linked toys and devices, and the search engines (Suggestions Commissioner’s Office, 2020).

GDPR and youngster security

GDPR delete account emphasises the necessity of asking kiddies for permission before sharing private information.

If a young child is mature sufficient you ought to provide them with the possibility to determine if they consent to their private information being provided. If a young child doesn’t always have the ability to make their own choices, you ought to ask their parent or carer (unless this might place the kid at an increased risk).

Nevertheless, when you yourself have ’t been given consent if you have a child protection concern, you must share information with the relevant agencies, even. GDPR doesn’t impact this concept.


Kiddies and teenagers’s Commissioner Scotland (2018) in regards to the Commissioner. [Accessed 22/08/2018].

Children’s Commissioner for England (2018) the youngsters’s Commissioner for England. [Accessed 22/08/2018].

Children’s Commissioner for Wales (2018) About us. [Accessed 22/08/2018].

Council of European countries (2018) European Convention on Human Rights (PDF). Strasbourg: Council of European Countries. [Accessed 21/08/2018]. (2018a) class leaving age.[Accessed 22/08/2018]. (2018b) Child employment.[Accessed 22/08/2018].

Safety and health Executive (HSE) (2018a) just just What the legislation states about young adults at the office.[Accessed 22/08/2018].

Safe practices Executive (HSE) (2018b) Work experience. [Accessed 22/08/2018].

Ideas Commissioners Office (2018a) exactly just exactly What liberties do kids have? [Accessed 20/08/2018].

Information Commissioner’s Office (2018b) Children together with GDPR [Accessed 30/01/2020]

Suggestions Commissioner’s Office (2020) Age design that is appropriate a rule of practice [Accessed 30/01/2020]

Northern Ireland Commissioner for Children and young adults (NICCY) (2018) The Commissioner. [Accessed 22/08/2018].

Workplace regarding the un tall Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR) (1989) meeting from the legal rights for the youngster. Geneva OHCHR.

Scottish national (2005) Code of assistance with homelessness (PDF). Edinburgh: Scottish National.

Scottish national (2014) nationwide guidance for son or daughter security in Scotland (PDF). Edinburgh: Scottish National.

Further reading

For further reading about kids’ liberties, search the NSPCC collection catalogue with the keyword “children’s liberties”.

If you want more particular information, be sure to contact our Information Service.

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